Isaiah penned these words over 700 years before the birth of Christ.
“For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. 7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this.” Isaiah 9:6-7 (NASB)
These verses from Isaiah are a prophecy of a coming Messiah, one who will sit on the eternal throne of David and rule over His kingdom. In the one person of Jesus the Messiah, there were two natures (one person, two natures): 100% undiminished deity and 100% true humanity. Jesus was truly God and truly man. Isaiah 9:6 suggests the dual nature of Jesus.
- In His humanity we read, “A child is born.”
- In His deity: “A Son is given.”
Jesus, clearly, was a different person from the Father. Sometimes He spoke in reference to His deity: “I and the Father are one [‘one essence,’ lit.].” (John 10:30) Jesus meant he was one divine essence with the Father, meaning only one God two persons. Sometimes He spoke in reference to His humanity: “…the Father is greater than I” (John 14:28). Greater in terms of station not quality. The Father has a higher station because of the humbling, the Son coming to live as a man.
At other times, Jesus refers to different perspectives. Jesus the man becomes hungry, tired; God cannot be hungry or tired. “In Jesus’ humanity, He is subject to the Father because the Father is greater than His humanity. But in His deity, He is coequal with God the Father because He is of one essence with Him.” (Lindsey, p.81).
As we celebrate this Christmas, the baby born in Bethlehem, born to a virgin, born in a manger, we need to make sure we honor Him for who He is. Jesus was more than a good teacher, more than a prophet, He was God incarnate. And He told us what honor is due to Him. Jesus said in John 5:23, “…that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the father, who sent him.” Jesus is to be honored equal to God the Father because He is.
Isaiah 9:6 predicted a future king would be born. At Christmas we remember and celebrate the fact that Jesus came to live the life we should have lived and on the cross, pay the penalty we couldn’t pay. Only through Jesus can we be rescued from our moral wrongs. Only by believing in this truth can we have eternal life. This is the meaning of Christmas; a truth made evident in the Scriptures and fulfilled at the birth, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
 Lindsey, 80. [precise source unknown, Ed.]